Interview Tips for Nonfiction Authors

Each month this year one blog post will include a tip or two for nonfiction authors who do online interviews.

Your interview may be as a guest on a podcast, webinar, or teleseminar. Interviews help build your author business, so you want to be at your best.

First, be sure you have the correct date and time on your calendar. Is your interviewer on the East coast and you’re on the West coast? Their 9am is your 6am! Make sure you get it right by using

Set aside enough time for the interview. It may only be a 30-minute interview. But the interviewer may ask you to be on the line 5-10 minutes before and/or after the interview to prep and wrap up.

And THAT’S What Makes Our Audit & Consultation Great

A few days ago I interviewed Sue about her audit and consultation process. Frankly, although I sit next to her all day every day, I’m busy creating stuff and don’t get into the technical details of her work very often.

I was surprised more than once. Don’t tell anyone, but after I found out how much work she puts in and what the client gets back, I’m going to suggest raising the price.

Here’s that interview:

Freelancer Interview: Cindy Snyder

Cindy Snyder

I first connected with Cindy through a mutual connection on LinkedIn when I was looking for an additional transcriptionist. She is now also an account manager on my social media management team. Here is my interview with Cindy.

When did you start your freelance business?

I started working as a freelancer early 2013.

Why did you choose to work from home?

I became permanently disabled around New Year’s of 2012. I knew I’d never be able to work an in-person job again and I wanted to be able to contribute to the household income. I started researching what I could do from home. I started out slow and as my health improved I was able to take on more clients and expand into different areas.

What advice would you give those who want to work from home?

I’d tell them to thoroughly do their research beforehand and make sure it is something they can really commit to because it is very hard work! It is also highly rewarding and I’d definitely encourage them to go for it. Just be aware of exactly what you’re getting yourself into.

What resources have helped you in your business?

There were a couple of forums and websites that were helpful and in the beginning I got most of my work through freelance sites such as Guru and Elance. 

Share something about yourself.

My hobbies are reading, writing, watching movies, playing video games, and spending time with family and friends.

Links to online profiles:



I’ve also recently written a book about freelancing which you can find at all the major retailers. The social media page for it is

Virtual Office Professional Course Interview by Crystal Cook of Sierra College

sierra college virtual office professional courseI was recently contacted by another Sierra College student taking Cyndi Dunn’s Virtual Office Professional course. I’ve enjoyed doing these interviews over the years. Crystal gave me permission to reprint our interview here.

For the Final Project my task was to interview a Virtual Office / Virtual Assistant Professional. First, I wrote out ten questions that I found to be most interesting. I wanted to get an overview of how the interviewee got their virtual business started, information on business operations, popular services, work-life balance, and other advice.

I interviewed Sue Lynn Canfield. Sue and her husband, Joel, own and operate “Chief Virtual Officer” – a Virtual Assistant Business. “Chief Virtual Officer” has been in business since 2005. Sue connected with me via Skype, and we set a time for the interview.

What inspired you to start your Virtual Office Business?

“In 2004, when I had my youngest, I had decided I no longer wanted to work full time in the corporate world and I wanted to work from home. I started part time, doing a little bit here and there from home. Then a couple of years later, I ended up seriously ill in the hospital for several months, and I almost didn’t make it. Then my husband and I were forced, in a way, to work for ourselves because it took me a year to recover, and he needed to help me. So we worked together to build a business from home, that I could do, still be with my little girl, and not extend myself physically because I was unable to do what I once could. I love working virtually and being able to help people all over the world, wherever I’m at.”

Did you have any significant start up costs?

“No, actually we didn’t because my husband already had a web design company he’d had on the side for years. A normal start up cost for this type of business is minimal anyhow – if you have a computer and Internet access, you’re set to go. So, if you don’t have that, those are the only initial set up costs I really see in a business like this. Just be sure to get a good computer, and make sure you have good Internet access.”

How long did it take you to acquire your first client?

“My first client came to me before I knew that I wanted to start a business. So that was a plus. It was someone my husband knew that needed an assistant. So, she and I started working together, before I had even heard what a virtual assistant was. That being said though, when I did start thinking this was going to be a business and I actually started looking for clients – I started attending some networking events and I would say, within the first 45 days I had an additional two clients. From the time I decided this was going to be a business, it took me about 45 days.”

How do you balance work, life, and fun?

“We’ve written a lot on work-life balance because we don’t necessarily think they are mutually exclusive. Since we’ve worked from home together with a little one, since she was born, our life is very much family oriented, and that comes first. We’ve built our business so that people we work with know that. If that means that we have to spend all day taking care of a child for whatever reason, then we do. And if we have to work at night or on a weekend, then we will; though we don’t normally do that. I think the same way that any successful person can have work-life balance is to have your priorities straight. I believe that family should always come first, but your business and your family can be integrated together. And you can make that work for your particular situation.”

How many hours do work in a typical week?

“Anywhere from 10 – 20, depending. Right now I am working closer to 20. Even when I have 3-dozen clients, I never work more than more than 20 – 25 hours per week because I never wanted to work more than that. That has always been enough for me.”

How many hours are focused on clients? And how many hours are focused on business maintenance (accounting, marketing, etc.)?

“I would say 75% of my work is client work and 25% of my work is client billing and marketing. I think that a newer person, just starting out, wants to spend about 50-50 because you need to spend some time marketing to get your business going.”

What do you like best about your job?

“That I get to work with my husband; that I get to have my young daughter around me at all times; I work with people that I choose to work with and love to work with; that about does it.”

What do you like least about your job?

“I’m not sure I have anything, I love what I do. I created a business that does what I want, when I want, that makes me what I want. I’ve got everything in place, I really can’t think of anything!”

What are the most popular services you offer?

“Social media management, absolutely.”

Are you able to take vacations throughout the year?

“Absolutely! We take all the usual holidays off that anyone else would. My husband and I also take off the last two weeks of the year. For example this year, December 23rd – January 3rd our offices are closed. We don’t do any client work at all, our clients know this because we’ve done it for years. December 26th is our wedding anniversary, so we always take a week and go and do something. Then we spend the following week doing things to work on our business for the New Year. In addition to taking those two weeks off, we take time off basically whenever we feel like it. Right now, I take every other Friday off and my husband takes the other Friday off. We often just take a week or a few days, and always giving our clients plenty of notice. I do have a team member on standby, who can check emails to see if there are any issues that somebody really needs addressing.”

If you could write a letter to yourself, before you started your business – what advice would you give?

“I would suggest that you have a well-written business plan. It does not need to be a 30 or 40 page document; in fact it can be a 1-page document. But it is something that clearly defines what you want your business to accomplish in the first month or the first year. It should be revisited at least once a year and edited with your new goals and specific strategic marketing tactics that you are going to employ on a monthly, weekly, and daily basis.”

In conclusion, I felt I gained a lot from this interview and from this class. In the interview, I spoke with a very successful Virtual Office Professional who has created the lifestyle and career she has always wanted. Some of the important tips I learned was regarding the specifics of a business plan, where to find clients, and how much time to spend doing client work and business maintenance work. I was able to feel Sue’s genuine love and enthusiasm for her career, just from speaking to her for a few minutes.

Learn more about the Sierra College Virtual Office Professional course at their website.

Interviewed by a Local Aspiring Virtual Assistant

Deborah contacted me several months ago when she found out I lived nearby. She wanted to come by personally to get her copy of our book. Below is the interview she did for her college class at Sierra College.

Sue Canfield, a Virtual Assistant, co-author and co-owner of Chief Virtual Officer, provides her virtual services worldwide. She previously resided in Roseville, California. Since then, she is traveling the nation while conducting her business virtually. During my first semester working towards the Virtual Administrative Certification Program, I contacted Sue to order her book, “The Commonsense Virtual Assistant – Becoming an Entrepreneur, Not an Employee”, and companion, “Building Blocks: Succeed as a Chief Virtual Officer Workbook”. Coupled with my VA studies at Sierra and Sue’s books, I have learned what it takes to help me succeed as a Virtual Assistant small business owner. Already a fan of Sue Canfield, I contacted her on Monday, November 29th to ask if I could interview her for this project. She pleasantly agreed and that evening, at a mutually beneficial time, I conducted my interview.

Question 1: What first drew you to become a Virtual Assistant?

Virtual Professional (Sue Canfield) response: I started my Virtual Assistant business back in 2005. After working in administration for 25 years, I left the corporate world when my last child was born. I wanted to stay home to be with her. A while later, a friend asked if I would do some administrative work for her from home; thus, virtually. My Virtual Business started from there!

Question 2: How long did it take you to sign you first client?

Virtual Professional (Sue Canfield) response: My first client was actually my friend, who had asked me to help her out with an administrative project that she was not able to manage on her own. From there, I helped my husband grow his coaching for speakers business by doing administrative tasks virtually. Although not actively looking for new business, I started receiving referrals from my friend who I had helped out initially. This happened in less than six months after my first virtual administrative project.

Question 3: What do you find to be the most effective way to market your virtual assistant business?

Virtual Professional (Sue Canfield) response: The most successful way to launch your virtual business it to attend a networking group of business people from various industries. Since my husband had a business coaching speakers, I first started attending a networking of speakers meetup. While my husband met speakers from different industries, I spoke about my virtual administrative company. Within one year, I had over 25 clients just from this networking meetup group alone! Networking with people in-person is the most effective way to market your virtual business. The Chamber of Commerce mixers are usually free to attend for the first couple of times. Through events such as those, you can meet people in person and speak to them directly about the services you offer. Not only is it important to meet them in person, but they hear our excitement about what we have to offer. It is also important to follow-up with the people you meet.

Question 4: What do you feel is your challenge as a Virtual Professional?

Virtual Professional (Sue Canfield) response: Communication is probably my greatest challenge when operating a business virtually. Since most communication is done virtually instead of face-to-face, it is easier for misunderstandings to take place.

Question 5: What type of changes, if any, have you made to your business since start-up?

Virtual Professional (Sue Canfield) response: Since becoming a Virtual Assistant, my husband and I have started :Chief Virtual Officer”, a company specifically providing coaching for Virtual Assistants. My husband and I both run CVO. Through our CVO website,, you can become a member of our VA blog. It is designed for future and existing Virtual Assistants just like you who want real world business advice. I also provide general Virtual Assistant work. In addition to my regular virtual administrative services, I set up and send ezines for solo professionals and small businesses. The program I use to create ezines is Constant Contact.

Question 6: What is the one thing you wish you knew before you started your business?

Virtual Professional (Sue Canfield) response: My biggest challenge in marketing my virtual business was not having a marketing plan in place when I first started. It is so important to create a marketing/business plan. Even a simple one is sufficient. A business plan keeps you on task with your overall goals and provides direction for your company. Without one in place, it is easy to get caught up in the day-to-day operations and forget to market your business.

Question 7: What resources have helped you in your virtual business?

Virtual Professional (Sue Canfield) response: It has been very helpful to be a part of various Virtual Assistant forums. Through these forums, I communicated with others in my industry. I shared my experiences as a VA as well as received advice from others. Being active on VA forums as well as posting/reading VA blogs is a great way to network with other VAs. In turn, you will become more knowledgeable and seasoned as a VA. It is also a great way to receive referrals from other VAs that may need to outsource some of their administrative work. Professional VA organizations are also good networking avenues.

Question 8: What advice would you give to new and aspiring Virtual Assistants?

Virtual Professional (Sue Canfield) response: My advice to you is to continue what you’re doing. Find out what it takes to be a successful Virtual Assistant by talking to other VAs. Also, make sure you have a basic business plan in place. It is also important to define who your ideal client is. You do not necessarily have to have a specialty as a VA, but you must have a narrow market. Do what you enjoy the most. That is important. Through CVO, we offer a complimentary 30-minute coaching session which can help you solve any obstacles you may have as you establish and grow your VA business.

Question 9: Do you outsource to other VAs?

Virtual Professional (Sue Canfield) response: As a matter of fact, I do. Traveling across country with my husband and daughter, I just had a client who needed me to print up the virtual project I had completed. Without a printer in the car, I did not have printing capabilities. Through my VA networking channels, I contacted a local VA in the area (out of state), and asked her if she would print my project up for me. We both benefited from the experience because we split the profits!

Question 10: Are you a member of any VA organizations/associations? If so, what are they?

Virtual Professional (Sue Canfield) response: There are many VA organizations you can join that are free of charge. I believe IVAA has a free membership version. VA forums are great to become a member of and are usually free of charge. I am also a member of Northern California Virtual Assistants meet up group is a networking avenue.

Although my interview questions only took up approximately 10 minutes of our telephone conversation, Sue provided me additional business insight towards establishing my own VA company. Since the interview, I have become a member of her CVO Source, which provides a self-study learning experience filled with audio, video, tutorials and how-to instructions for Virtual Assistants. Also recommended by Sue, I joined Northern California’s VA meet up group. I’ve also arranged to meet with Sue in the near future for VA coaching. The interview with Sue was very informative and uplifting.

The most significant piece of advice I received from my interview from Sue is not to get caught up in having everything in place prior to starting my VA business. Besides a business plan, other things will fall into place once my business starts. For example, I asked her about how I am still not definite as to what my niche services will be when I start Valley Administrative Services. She taught me that it is not necessary to have a specialty. It is necessary to have a narrow market when marketing my VA business though. She informed me that most likely, I will grow into a niche over time. I also learned about different online avenues, such as specific VA networks and VA websites that provide valuable information and advice to Virtual Assistants such as myself. For example, Sue recommended a website,, for forms generally used by Virtual Assistants. Her own website offers training in developing and maintaining blogs, ezines and more! It made me even more excited and determined to become a successful small business owner as a Virtual Assistant!